Rare Book Gallery
[THE GREAT OR AMERICAN VOYAGES IN...
De Bry, Theodor; Johann Theodor De Bry; and Johann Israel De Bry:
Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana
Frankfurt or Oppenheim: Theodor De Bry and his heirs (see below), 1590-1624.. Twelve parts bound in twelve volumes (see below for collations).... More
Frankfurt or Oppenheim: Theodor De Bry and his heirs (see below), 1590-1624.. Twelve parts bound in twelve volumes (see below for collations). Uniform modern dark blue straight-grained morocco gilt, covers with gilt border of double fillets and a decorative roll; spine in seven compartments with raised bands, lettered in gilt in the second, numbered in the fourth, the other compartments with repeat tooling in gilt, brown endpapers. Very good. The Great or American Voyages in Latin, Parts I-XII (of 13, and without the Elenchus), comprising: I. [Hariot, Thomas]: ADMIRANDA NARRATION FIDA TAMEN, DE COMMODIS ET INCOLARUM RITIBUS VIRGINIAE...ANGLICO SCRIPTA SERMONE A THOMA HARIOT. Frankfurt: Johann Wechel, 1590. First edition, mix issue but mostly first issue. Colophon leaf F6, blank D6. Engraved title to text, letterpress title to plates, engraved arms on dedication leaf, folding engraved map of Virginia, engraved plate of Adam and Eve (the second state with inscription in the plate reading "Iodocus a Winghe in Io. Theodore de Bry sc."), 28 very fine engraved plates after John White (including 5 plates of Picts). A foundation work on the early exploration and delineation of America, describing and illustrating the first British colony to be established there. This volume is the first issued by the publisher, Theodor De Bry, in his extraordinary series, GRAND VOYAGES, describing the exploration of the New World. The elegant production, combined with the critically important text, make this volume one of the most important relating to the early discovery of North America. This work recounts the history of the abortive Roanoke colony established by the British in North Carolina in 1585. Thomas Hariot's text, describing the country of Virginia and North Carolina, was first published in London in 1588 (only six copies are known) and here republished in Latin. Hariot, like the artist, John White, was part of the Roanoke expedition and wrote his account from actual observation. It is the first description of the Virginia and Carolina country. The map which accompanies the volume is the first really good map of the Virginia coast and Carolina capes, showing the coast from the mouth of the Chesapeake to Wilmington, North Carolina. John White's illustrations are among the most famous of early American images. White was the lieutenant-governor of the abortive colony, and a skilled artist. His carefully executed watercolors, gleaned from close observation and remarkably accurate renderings of the Carolina Indians and their customs, costumes, rituals, hunting practices and dwellings, are here expertly engraved by De Bry. No other artist so carefully rendered American Indians until Karl Bodmer worked on the Missouri in the 1830s. Besides these illustrations, there are plates showing White's conception of the ancient Picts of Scotland, to whom he wished to compare the American natives. A remarkably important Americanum. CHURCH 140. II. [Le Moyne, Jacques, and others]: BREVIS NARRATIO EORUM QUAE IN FLORIDA AMERICAE PROVINCIA GALLIS ACCIDERUNT...AUCTORE JACOBO LE MOYNE. Frankfurt: Johann Wechel, 1591. First edition. 2 engraved titles, engraved arms on dedication leaf, engraved text illustration of Noah sacrificing, double-page engraved map of Florida. Lacking blank leaf K6. A fine copy of this seminal work for early North America, with Jacques Le Moyne's spectacular series of images. Part II from Theodor De Bry's GRAND VOYAGES, this work collects together various accounts of the attempted settlement of Florida by French Protestants in the 1560s. The text is drawn from the accounts of Jean Ribaut, Ren?e Laudonni?, and Dominique de Gourgues; and describes the foundation of the colony in 1562 and its difficult existence until the massacre of the settlers by the Spanish in 1565. The chief glory of this work is the series of engravings after the watercolors of Jacques Le Moyne, depicting the life and ceremonies of the Florida Indians. As ethnographic documents, these are second only to those of John White, as records of American Indian life in the 16th century, and like White's work, these illustrations remained unrivalled until centuries later. Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues, was born in Dieppe, France in about 1533. He was appointed artist to the Huguenot expedition to Florida, led by Ren?e Laudonni?, which sailed in April 1564. Arguably the first western artist to visit the New World, French painter, Le Moyne recorded the scenery of Florida and the lives of the Timucua Indians in great detail, as well as charting the coastline of Florida. The French colony was seen as a threat by the Spanish, and in September 1565 they overran the colony, and most of Le Moyne's drawings were destroyed. However, he escaped, made copies from memory of what he had seen, and returned to France. By about 1580 he had settled in London, and he later came into contact with Sir Walter Raleigh and with John White, the artist of the first English colony of Virginia. The former commissioned him to illustrate the Florida enterprise, and Le Moyne went on to produce the images that were published by De Bry after Le Moyne's death in about 1588. CHURCH 145. III. [Staden, Hans, and Jean Lery]: AMERICAE TERTIA PARS MEMORABILEM PROVINCIAE BRASILIAE HISTORIAM CONTINENS GERMANICO PRIMUM SERMONE SCRIPTUM A IOANE STADIO. Frankfurt: Theodore de Bry, 1592. First edition, second issue with de Bry imprint. 2 engraved titles (the second title with imprint 'in officina Sigismundi Feirabendii'), engraved arms on dedication leaf, engraved plate of arms without virtues, folding engraved map of Peru and Brasil, full- page engraved text illustration of Adam and Eve (first state without 'Io.' in the inscription, see part I), 30 engraved text illustrations. Lacks final blank Qq4. A fine copy of a fundamental work on the history of Brazil, with an important map. The third part of De Bry's GRAND VOYAGES, this volume being devoted to the history of Brazil, and particularly the observations of Hans Staden and Jean Lery, the two most reliable 16th-century accounts of that country. Staden, a German sailor, describes his two voyages to Brazil in 1546-48 and 1549- 55, including his long captivity among the Tupinimba Indians. His account of the manners and customs of the Indians is one of the primary American ethnological documents, and its accompanying illustrations, although somewhat dressed up here by the engravers, provide an invaluable illustrated record with many useful clues to artifacts and rituals. Staden's work originally appeared in German in 1557, and the early editions are exceedingly rare. Jean Lery was a French missionary in Brazil in 1556-58, and he is credited by Levi-Strauss and others with being the most acute early observer of the Brazilian Indians. His work first appeared in 1578, and the Latin translation was probably prepared by him. Besides the Staden and Lery narratives, this volume prints two letters from Nicholas Barre, who was with the Villegagnon expedition in 1552. The map, titled AMERICAE PARS MAGIS COGNITA. CHOROGRAPHIA NOBILIS & OPULENTAE PERUANAE PROVINCIAE, ATQUE BRASILIAE... (Frankfurt: De Bry, 1692), is one of the most accurate maps of South America issued to date. Since De Bry was not a cartographer, this map was probably derived from an unknown manuscript map, though the northern portions (now the southern United States) come from Le Moyne. The modified lump swelling from Chile, which Ortelius had eliminated from his maps in 1587, is an odd inclusion. The map has a great deal of topographical detail, with suppositious jungles, rivers, and mountain ranges in the interiors of both continents, but some of the actual river systems are indicated. The map is elegantly engraved in an almost extravagant Ortelius mode, with elaborate strap-work decorated cartouches and swash lettering. The title is written on a banner and displayed by a cherub. A whale/fish with a dorsal fin spouts water, and a three-masted ship sails towards the Cape. CHURCH 149. IV. [Benzoni, Girolamo, first part]: AMERICAE PARS QUARTA SIVE, INSIGNIS & ADMIRANDA HISTORIA DE REPERTA PRIMUM OCCIDENTALI INDIA A CHRISTOPHORO COLUMBO ANNO MCCCCXCII SCRIPTA AB HIERONYMO BENZONO. Frankfurt: Ad invistiss. Rudolphus II..., 1594. First edition, with third issue title (Church 155) but plate points of both first and second editions. Blank leaf R6 present. 2 engraved titles, engraved text illustration of arms with virtues, double- page engraved map of West Indies, engraved text illustration of Columbus led by marine deities, engraved text illustration of world map with medallion portraits of Columbus and Vespucci, 24 engraved plates numbered in Arabic numerals within plates. Blank leaf F6 lacking. CHURCH 153. V. [Benzoni, Girolamo, part two]: AMERICAE PARS QUINTA, NOBILIS & ADMIRATIONE PLENA HIERONYMI BEZONI...SECUNAE SECTIONIS HI[STORI]A[E] HISPANORUM TUM IN NIGRITTAS SERVOS SUOS, TUM IN INDIAS CRUDELITATEM, GALLORUMQ[UE] PIRATARU[M] DE HISPANIS TOTIES REPORTATA SPOLIA. Frankfurt: Theodore de Bry, 1595. First edition, second issue with both corrections in title "Hia" and "Invictis." Blank leaves l3-4 and F4. 2 engraved titles, engraved portrait of Columbus with eleven lines of text, engraved double- page map of New Spain, 22 engraved plates. CHURCH 156 (note). VI. [Benzoni, Girolamo, part three]: AMERICAE PARS SEXTA, SIVE HISTORIAE AB HIERONYMO BE[N]ZONO...SCRIPTAE, SECTIO TERTIA. Frankfurt: Theodore de Bry, 1596. First edition. Blank leaf G6. 2 engraved titles, double-page engraved map of Western Hemisphere with figures of Columbus, Vespucci, Magellan and Pizarro, double-page engraved view Cusco, 28 engraved plates. CHURCH 158. Benzoni's work was first published in Italian at Venice in 1565. The chief glory of the De Bry edition are the extraordinary series of plates and maps with which De Bry illustrated the work, creating one of the most enduring collections of early images of the Western Hemisphere. The three parts that make up De Bry's rendition of Benzoni record the events surrounding Columbus discovery, relations with Native Americans, atrocities committed by Indians and Europeans, Pizarro's exploits in Peru, etc. Chauveton's anti-Spanish slant provided De Bry with the gory details of Spanish barbarity which are brought to life in the meticulous engravings that illustrate this volume. De Bry's sensationally illustrated edition of Benzoni has stood as a solid landmark of illustrated Americana, so much so that centuries later historians and editors have been compelled to copy the plates in new publications. Such scenes as Columbus' meeting with Ferdinand and Isabella, or the Spanish atrocities toward the Peruvian Indians, though not based on firsthand experience, have survived the centuries largely for their compelling visual rendition of events. These images have become history. Part one (Part IV of De Bry) includes a detailed and handsome folding map of the West Indies, "Occidentalis Americae partis...Anno MDXCIIII," which depicts the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico from northern Florida to the South American coast. Part two (Part V of De Bry) contains a folding map of Mexico, "HISPANAE NOVAE SIVE MAGNAE, RECENS ET VERA DESCRIPTIO." Part three (Part VI of De Bry) contains an important and very beautifully illustrated map of the Western Hemisphere, "AMERICA SIVE NOVVS ORBIS RESPECTUEUROPAEORUM INFERIOR GLOBI TERRESTRIS PARS," which includes full-length figure portraits of Columbus, Vespucci, Magellan and Pizarro at the corners. This latter map shows the unknown "Terra Australis," as a huge conglomerate of land covering much of the southern part of the globe, and the Pacific coast of North America as a bulging mass not quite under control. A cornerstone history of early voyages of discovery, and one of the most wonderfully illustrated, whose early European depictions of America are among the most widely duplicated in history. VII. [Schmidel, Ulrich]: AMERICAE PARS VII. VERISSIMA ET IUCUNDISSIMA DESCRIPTIO PRAECIPUARUM QUARUNDAM INDIAE REGIONUM & INSULARUM. Frankfurt: Theodore de Bry, 1599. First edition. Blank leaf H4. Engraved title, engraved text illustration. The important early account of Latin America describing the voyages of Ulrich Schmidel to Brazil and Paraguay in 1535-53. The text was translated from Schmidel's NEUWE WELT, first published in Frankfurt in 1567. "Schmidel's account was included in many collections of voyages. Owing to his importance for the study of the history of the regions of Rio de la Plata and Southern Brazil several modern editions exist and there is a considerable amount of literature about him" - Borba de Moraes. A handsome copy of Part VII of De Bry's GRAND VOYAGES, with important Brazilian content. CHURCH 161. VIII. [Drake, Ffancis, Cavendish, Thomas, and Walter Raleigh]: AMERICAE PARS VIII. CONTINENS PRIMO, DESCRIPTIONEM TRIUM ITINERUM...FRANCISCI DRAKEN...SECUNDO...THOMAE CANDISCH...TERTIO...GUALTHERI RALEGH. Frankfurt: widow & sons of Theodore de Bry, 1599. First edition, second issue. e4 blank. Letterpress title to text with engraved vignette map of world showing Drakes circumnavigation, letterpress title to plates, double-page engraved map of Guiana with Latin and many German inscriptions, engraved map of the world on the verso of leaf KK4 showing Cavendish's circumnavigation, engraved map of North Atlantic on leaf Aa2, 18 plates. This volume contains relations of six different voyages, by Drake, Cavendish, and Raleigh, with a map and illustrations never before published. These accounts describe Drake's famous circumnavigation of the world and Caribbean raids, Cavendish's circumnavigation, and the famous search for El Dorado. The three voyages of Sir Francis Drake recounted here are of the greatest importance. The first is a description of the famous voyage of circumnavigation of 1577- 80, only described in print up to that time by Hakluyt, here based on the account of Nuno da Silva. Drake's Caribbean raid of 1585-86 is also reported, based on the account of Walter Bigges, as well as the final voyage of 1595-96, directed against the Spanish at Panama. This is the first extensive account of the last voyage, during which Drake died off Panama, and it is evidently based directly on his log, continued by others after his death. Besides these texts, the titlepage of the volume has an extraordinary double hemisphere world map, showing the track of Drake's circumnavigation with an inset portrait of Drake. Illustrations relating to Drake include engravings of his landing on the coast of Patagonia and his reception by California Indians during the circumnavigation voyage, as well as engravings after Boazio showing his captures of Santiago, Santo Domingo, Cartagena, and St. Augustine during the 1855-86 Caribbean raid. The St. Augustine view is the earliest view of any North American town. Sir Thomas Cavendish's circumnavigation of 1586-88 was the third voyage around the world, and the account published here on pages 43-78 is one of the first to appear (accounts were issued in Amsterdam almost concurrently). This account is by Francis Pretty. The voyage followed a track similar to Drake's and was certainly based on knowledge gleaned from his trip. Three plates illustrate Cavendish's experiences in the Pacific. The remainder of the volume describes two voyages to the Caribbean and South America, one by Sir Walter Raleigh undertaken in 1595 in his famous search for El Dorado, and another of the following year to the same place, attributed to Raleigh but actually undertaken by Laurence Kemys. The large folding map illustrates this part of the volume, and provides the most detailed version of the cartography and imagined cartography of the Orinoco, Amazon and Guiana region published up to that time. Five of the illustrations also relate to the Guiana exploration. One of the most difficult parts of the De Bry GRAND VOYAGES to obtain, with descriptions of the second and third circumnavigations of the world. CHURCH 164. IX. [Acosta, Joseph, and others]: AMERICAE NONA & POSTREMA PARS. QUA DE RATIONE ELEMENTORUM: DE NOVI ORBIS NATURA...COPIOSE PETRACTATUR. Frankfurt: for Mathias Becker, 1602. First edition. Leaves YY6 and dd4 blank. Letterpress title within engraved border, four letterpress section titles of which two have engraved vignettes, engraved arms on dedication leaf, engraved map of Magellan Straits, 39 engraved plates numbered I-XXV and I-XIV. This contains a number of important accounts relating to Latin America and the Pacific, including the work of Acosta, and the Pacific voyages of Oliver van Noort and Sebald de Weert. Although De Bry died in 1598, his vast illustrated publishing endeavor was carried on by his widow and two sons, Johann Theodor and Johann Israel, who issued parts seven, eight and the present ninth part, intending it to be the final installment or "postrema pars" of the monumental Grand Voyages series. This would of course not be the case, as the series extended to a total of thirteen parts, but part ten was not published until 1619. The "Grand Voyages" has been described by Boies Penrose as "stately...the cornerstone of every library of Americana." The seven books of Acosta's HISTORIA NATURAL Y MORAL DE LAS INDIAS (first published Seville, 1590), is the first work included here, and is regarded as one of the most important source books on the Indians of Mexico and Peru. Based on Acosta's time in the missions of both countries from 1571 to 1588, the HISTORIA NATURAL provided a vital picture of the Spanish plundering of the New World to a European readership. Streeter states that Acosta's work "operated more strongly than any other in opening the eyes of the rest of Europe to the great wealth that Spain was draining from America." The fourteen De Bry engravings which relate to this section depict in vivid (and at times exaggerated) detail the customs of the Aztecs and Incas and their violent confrontations with the Spaniards. Includes engravings of Indians working Potosi mines, llamas as beasts of burden, Aztec religious rites, games, human sacrifices, funerals, etc. These are some of the most exquisite of early ethnographic illustrations of native Americans, nothing really approaches the detail and quality of these pictures until the 19th century. Also included is the account of Olivier van Noort's Pacific voyage, describing a journey to the Moluccas via the Straits of Magellan. Olivier entered the Straits on Sept. 5, 1599, and as a consequence of terrible weather conditions did not make it into the Pacific until Feb. 29, 1600. He continued along the coast of Chile, to Peru and New Spain, stopping at the Mariana Islands, Manila, Borneo, and Java, returning to Rotterdam in August of 1601. The voyage was first published in Rotterdam and Amsterdam in 1602 and then translated into German. The ADDITAMENTUM... has its own engraved titlepage illustrated with a portrait of van Noort with the New and Old Worlds represented on two globes, with two standing figures, a Native American and a tatooed Pacific Islander. Eleven plates relate to the van Noort voyage, including wonderful depictions of native South Americans, views of places visited, Dutch interaction with Indians, clubbing penguins, etc. Finally there is the account of Sebald de Weert's voyage of the same object as the van Noort voyage. On June 20, 1598, De Weert sailed from Amsterdam on a vessel which was part of the fleet sent to the Moluccas by way of the Straits of Magellan. The voyage met with disaster, the commander of the expedition died, and de Weert's ship was the only one that returned. One fortunate side note to this voyage was the discovery of three islands located about sixty miles from the South American continent, appropriately named the Sebaldines. The separate titlepage for the RELATIO HISTORICA... includes a handsome engraving of the five ships which formed the fleet. Fourteen beautiful engraved plates correspond to the RELATIO HISTORICA..., depicting incidents from the voyage, ports visited, including Rio de Janeiro and San Sebastian, as well as hostile natives met along the route through the Straits. The total of thirty-nine plates and the map of the Straits of Magellan contained in this volume represent a treasure of classic American ethnographic illustrations. De Bry's sons equal and perhaps exceed the work of their master father, and the art of depicting the historical scenes of discovery and conquest in the New World is carried out to the highest order. A classic volume of American ethnographic illustration, including two little-known Pacific voyages. CHURCH 168. X. [Vespucci, Amerigo, Hamor, Ralph and John Smith]: AMERICAE PARS DECIMA: QUA CONTINENTUR, I. DUAE NAVIGATIONES D[OMI]N[I] AMERICI VESPUTII...II. SOLIDA NARRATIO DE MODERNO PROVINCIAE VIRGINIAE...AUTHORE RAPHE HAMOR...III. VERA DESCRIPTIO NOVAE ANGLIAE...A CAPITANEO JOHANNE SCHMIDT. Oppenheim: Hieronymus Gallerus, 1619. First edition, first issue. Leaf I4 blank. Letterpress title to text with engraved vignette, letterpress title to plates, 12 engraved plates. Lacking blank leaf c4. The tenth part of the GRAND VOYAGES was issued seventeen years after part nine, when the series was resumed by De Bry's son-in- law. It contains illustrated editions of three major narratives. The first are the letters of Vespucci relating to his explorations of South America in the decade after Columbus. The other two are major narratives of the English settlement of North America. Hamor's description of the infant Virginia colony was originally published in london in 1615, and here appears with illustrations. John Smith's foundation work A DESCRIPTION OF NEW ENGLAND, was published in London in 1616 and also appears here in illustrated form. CHURCH 170. XI. [Schouten, Willem, and Joris van Spilbergen]: AMERICAE PARS UNDECIMA: SEU DESCRIPTION ADMIRANDI INTINERIS A GUILLIELMO SCHOUTEN...PERACTI. Oppenheim: Hieronymus Gallerus, 1619. First edition. Blank leaves F6, D6 and e6. 2 letterpress titles with engraved vignettes, 2 letterpress section titles, 3 engraved maps (1 small format folding map of New Guinea, one folding map of the south Pacific, and 1 of the straits of Magellan), 29 plates. Lacking original engraved map of 'Mar di India', but present as a facsimile. The De Bry edition of the first two Dutch cirumnavigations, both voyages of the greatest magnitude. Schouten sailed with Jacob le Maire around the world in 1615-17, and Spilbergen accomplished the same task in 1614-1618. Both added greatly to knowledge of the South Pacific and southern South America. CHURCH 172. XII. [Herrera, Antonio and others]: NOVI ORBIS PARS DUODECIMA. SIVE DESCRIPTIO INDIAE OCCIDENTALIS, AUCTORE ANTONIO DE HERRERA. Frankfurt: for heirs of Johann Theodore de Bry, 1624. First edition. Letterpress title with engraved border, letterpress title, double- page map of the western hemisphere, 19 engraved text illustrations, 14 engraved maps (1 double- page). Lacks initial blank leaf and blank leaf Cc8. A collection of important voyages in the West Indies and around South America, most notable for the collection of maps of different parts of the Americas which accompany Herrera's work. Besides this, there is a series of accounts of different voyages in the Straits of Magellan between Magellan in 1519 and the Nodal brothers in 1618. CHURCH 173. A magnificent set of the most famous and influential of all collections of voyages, including a particularly fine copy of the highly esteemed first part, Hariot's VIRGINIA. The iconography disseminated through De Bry's popular compilation of travel narratives dominated the European view of the New World for more than a century after their publication. The exceptional ethnographic engravings in the first two parts are of special importance for the study of Native American life at the time of the first encroachment of Europeans. Throughout the set, however, many engravings include images of flora, fauna, and topography that provide interesting details about the way America looked in the 16th century and the way Europeans saw her.etails about the way America looked in the 16th century and the way Europeans saw her. Less
Price: 450000.00 USD
AN INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE AND CAUSES...
Bookseller: Charles Agvent
London W. Strahan & T. Cadell 1778 Two large quarto volumes (8.5" x 10.6875"); , 510; , 589,  pages. Complete with half-title in... More
London W. Strahan & T. Cadell 1778 Two large quarto volumes (8.5" x 10.6875"); , 510; , 589,  pages. Complete with half-title in Volume II (no half-title called for in Volume I). Contemporary calf, rebacked, with original gilt spines and morocco labels laid down. Corners renewed. First published in 1776, this Second Edition is scarcer than the first with only 500 copies printed and is the only other edition published in quarto format. "The second edition exhibits a number of alterations large and small, some providing new information, some correcting matters of fact, some perfecting the idiom, and a large number now documenting references in footnotes" (William B. Todd, in the 1976 Oxford edition of THE WEALTH OF NATIONS). Adam Smith (1723-1790) spent ten years in the writing and perfecting of THE WEALTH OF NATIONS. The book succeeded at once, and the first edition was exhausted in six months. Goldsmith 11663; Grolier, 100 English, 57; KressB 154; PRINTING AND THE MIND OF MAN 221: "The certainty of its criticism and its grasp of human nature have made it the first and greatest classic of modern economic thought." Armorial bookplate of Gorham Parsons on the front pastedown of each volume. Some foxing and browning, heavier in the first volume which has the front free endpaper and the title strengthened at inner and outer margins. Occasional slight offsetting to the text in the second volume which has the final gathering strengthened in the gutter. Very Good set in a contemporary binding Less
Price: 75000.00 USD
Discours Admirables, de la Nature des...
Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.
8 p.l., 361,  pp. Small 8vo, cont. flexible vellum, ties gone. Paris: Martin le Jeune, 1580. First edition, and a splendid pure copy in its... More
8 p.l., 361,  pp. Small 8vo, cont. flexible vellum, ties gone. Paris: Martin le Jeune, 1580. First edition, and a splendid pure copy in its first binding, of a rare and important book in the history of chemistry, hydrology, geology, agriculture, etc., etc. Palissy (ca. 1509-89), who is best known for his discovery of the secret of enamelling pottery, was far in advance of his time in scientific ideas. The "Discours admirables, probably incorporates Palissy's Paris lectures. It...deals with an impressive array of subjects: agriculture, alchemy, botany, ceramics, embalming, engineering, geology, hydrology, medicine, metallurgy, meteorology, mineralogy, paleontology, philosophy, physics, toxicology, and zoology. The book is divided into several chapters, the first and longest of which is concerned with water. The others take up metals and their nature and generation; drugs; ice; different types of salts and their nature, effects, and methods of generation; characteristics of common and precious stones; clay and marl; and the potter's art... "Palissy's views on hydrology and paleontology, as expressed in the Discours, are of particular interest. He was one of the few men of his century to have a correct notion of the origins of rivers and streams, and he stated it forcefully, denying categorically that rivers can have any source other than rainfall... "Palissy discussed fossils extensively...[He] held other advanced views. From experimentation he concluded that all minerals with geometric crystal forms must have crystallized in water; his classification of salts was nearly correct; and he suggested the concept of superposition for the development of sedimentary rocks... "Palissy was probably one of the first men in France to teach natural sciences from facts, specimens and demonstrations rather than hypotheses."-D.S.B., X, pp. 280-81. In the eighth section, Palissy investigated the hardness and properties of gems and precious stones. The Discours was written in the form of a dialogue between "Theory" and "Practice" and it is always "Practice" that instructs "Theory." A fine copy in its first binding, preserved in a box. Contemporary signature on title of "G. Passart" (maybe) and with a number of knowledgeable contemporary notes in many margins. This book is extremely rare; Ferguson acquired his copy, now in the University of Glasgow, after years of searching and has written on the flyleaf: "At last, after long, long waiting and watching." It is one of the very few books in Denis Duveen's collection of which he reproduced the title-page in his Bibliotheca Alchemica et Chemica. ❧ Adams, The Birth and Development of the Geological Sciences, pp. 90, 261, & 446-48. Brunet, IV, 319-20 & Suppl., II, 133-"une pi? aussi int?ssante que rare." Duveen, p. 446-"A book of great importance in the history of chemistry and science generally." Geikie, The Founders of Geology, pp. 104 & 118. Hoover 621. Partington, II, pp. 69-77. Zittel, pp. 18 & 132. . Less
Price: 75000.00 USD