Galerie de livres rares
The Elwood Evans Abolition Autograph...
Libraire: Between The Covers
Note: The information below, as well as additional photos, can also be viewed at http://www.betweenthecovers.com/private/Cinque/Excerpt.pdf.The... Ouvrir
Note: The information below, as well as additional photos, can also be viewed at http://www.betweenthecovers.com/private/Cinque/Excerpt.pdf.The Abolitionist Autograph Collection of Elwood Evans (1828-1898), assembled in the 1840s, highlighted by what we believe to be one of only three surviving autographs of Cinque, leader of the Amistad revolt, and the only example in private hands. The collection, assembled in Evans' youth, also contains a fine example of the rare John Sartain engraving of Cinque, the Signature of another member of the Amistad revolt, Fuli (here Foole), as well as the Signatures of abolitionists Thomas Clarkson, Charles C. Burleigh, John Pierpont, Joseph Parrish, Joshua Giddings, and Isaac T. Hopper, considered the founder of the Underground Railroad.Elwood Evans, who was born and raised in Philadelphia, traveled to the Pacific Coast at the age of 22 and became deputy clerk to the collector of Puget Sound. The collection also contains four State appointments, dating between 1851 and 1854, in each case appointing him Commissioner for the Territory of Oregon. These are Signed by William F. Johnston, George F. Fort, Horatio Seymour, and Emory Washburn (Governors of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Massachusetts, respectively). Evans spent most of his adult life in the Pacific Northwest, as a private attorney, public official (he was Mayor of Olympia from 1859-1861), and local historian, culminating in the publication of his two-volume History of the Pacific Northwest (1889).THE CINQUE AND FOOLE AUTOGRAPHSThe Signatures of Cinque and Foole are in ink, on a small slip of paper (approximately 4" x 3.5"), mounted on a larger contemporary sheet of paper. Below the signature is written in ink in a different hand: "at Lombard St School 5mo 27 1841." Below this in pencil is written "Cinque and F-foole [sic] visited the abo[ve] School with Chas Evans then a Director and then and there signed the above." Cinque (also known as Cingue, Joseph Cinquez, and Sengbe Pieh), was born in what is now Sierra Leone around 1813 and is believed to have died there circa 1879. The history of Cinque's life from the time of his enslavement in 1839 to his return to Sierra Leone as a free man in 1841 is well-known, having been re-told numerous times and dramatized in the 1997 film Amistad, in which he was portrayed by actor Djimon Hounsou. Throughout the ordeal of the Amistad captives, Cinque was the unquestioned leader of the group, apparently not only because of his own initiative (having picked the lock of his captors while aboard ship, released his fellow slaves, and planned their rebellion), but also through his commanding presence and abilities. The entire group of Amistad captives was taught English, although not surprisingly it was the children among them who became most conversant in the language. After the Supreme Court ruled in their favor on March 9, 1841, they traveled to New York and Philadelphia as part of the effort to raise funds to provide for their transport home. On these occasions Cinque gave speeches in Mende, while a youth named Kale would speak in English. Despite the language difference, contemporary reports relate that Cinque's charisma was such that his speeches were often enthusiastically received even before they were translated to his audience.It is difficult to determine how proficient in English Cinque became while in the United States. Records indicate that he always spoke in Mende when giving court deposition and when making public appearances. However, the two other extant original documents signed by him, both institutionally held, may contain additional samples of his writing. The famous Mendi Bible, which the Amistad captives presented to John Quincy Adams in 1841 in appreciation of his forceful and effective arguments on their behalf, and now held at the Adams National Historical Park, contains a letter to Adams that is signed, "For the Mendi people. Cinque, Kinna, Kale." Some scholars believe the letter, and not just the signature, to be in Cinque's hand. The other signed letter is that held by the Amistad Research Center at Tulane University, dated February 9, 1841, from Cinque to the prominent New York merchant and abolitionist Lewis Tappan, who was the leader of the Amistad Committee and the person most responsible for their legal defense and living conditions while they were in the United States. This letter too is believed by some scholars to be entirely in Cinque's hand. Aside from his three years in the United States, very little is known about Cinque, and there is no reason to believe that he had occasion to write his name after his return to Africa.In addition to the three known autographs (the two institutionally held and the one offered here), there are two known facsimiles of his autograph as well. The first is the contemporary facsimile executed by engraver John Sartain for his 1840 mezzotint of Cinque (included in this collection, see below for further details). It is likely Sartain employed a certain amount of artistic license in more neatly rendering Cinque's signature. The second facsimile is found in a 1906 book Farmington, Connecticut: The Village of Beautiful Homes, in which local historian Julius Gay allowed his own "Autographs of the `Mendi Negroes,"" obtained in his youth when the Amistad captives were housed in Farmington, to be reprinted (p.177). The whereabouts of the original documents from which these facsimiles were made are unknown, and it is likely that one or both have long perished.The Amistad case and the Amistad captives became a national sensation, and their time in Philadelphia (May 24 to May 28, 1841) is well documented in contemporary issues of the Pennsylvania Freemen. The June 16, 1841 issue reports that they visited four churches, at which $482.30 was raised for their return to Africa. While not as fiscally impressive, the paper also reports that $2.01 was collected by the "pupils of the colored Public School." At the time Philadelphia had two public schools for African-American children (sometimes referred to as four schools because boys and girls were educated separately), one at Charlotte and Brown Streets, the other at Sixth and Lombard Streets. The Lombard Street School was built in 1819 as a school for white pupils. In 1828, when white students were transferred to a new building on Locust Street, it became a public school for African-American children. The school was later called the James Forten School, after the prominent African-American businessman who fought successfully to keep the school open when the school board wished to close it the year before the Amistad captives visited.While a certain amount of contemporary attention was paid to Cinque as the leader of the Amistad rebellion, comparatively little primary material exists about the other captives individually. Foole, also known as Fuli, Fu-Li-Wa, and Fuleh, like Cinque gave deposition against their Spanish captors. In addition, it was technically he who brought suit against them (done to forestall their removal to Spanish territory in case the Amistad case itself was lost). Foole, with Cinque and thirty-three other survivors of their ordeal, departed for their return to Africa in November 24, 1841. A facsimile of Foole's signature exists on the Julius Gay reprint, and the Amistad Research Center holds three letters signed by Foole; we could locate no other surviving documents signed by Foole.THE SARTAIN ENGRAVINGIncluded with the autograph collection is a handsome example of John Sartain's engraved mezzotint print of "Cinque: The Chief of the Amistad Captives" (approximately 9.25" x 7.5", very lightly rubbed in one spot else fine, mounted on a stiff backing sheet). This well-known image, commissioned by the African-American abolitionist Robert Purvis, is after a painted portrait by the abolitionist Nathaniel Jocelyn (brother of Amistad Committee member the Reverend Simeon S. Jocelyn). In March, 1841, Sartain, possibly at his own expense, sent 200 copies of the mezzotint to Lewis Tappan to be sold to help raise funds for the Amistad captives. Despite the strong pro-abolition mood of much of Philadelphia in the 1840s, the image was not universally acclaimed there. The city also had strong currents of anti-abolition sentiment from both white workers who felt threatened by the large free black workforce, and from elements of the city's elite who had strong financial ties to the South. Thus the Sartain portrait was officially rejected by the Philadelphia Academy for their second annual Artists" Fund Society exhibition because, "under the excitement of the times, it might prove injurious both to the proprietors and the institution" (Martinez, Life and Career of John Sartain, p. 76). This Cinque portrait is the most famous image by John Sartain (1808-1897), the London-born artist and publisher who settled in Philadelphia. Sartain was a committed abolitionist who also engraved portraits of William Lloyd Garrison, William H. Furness, and Lucretia Mott. He also published several notable works by his friend Edgar Allan Poe including "The Bells" and "Annabel Lee." Although we could find no direct connection between Sartain and Evans, an 1843 letter from Poe to the 14 year-old Elwood Evans, sending "Mr. Dana's" Boston address, was in the Doheny collection and sold at Christie's in 1988. In addition to writing Two Years Before the Mast, Richard Henry Dana was also an active abolitionist.While the Jocelyn/Sartain image has been reprinted countless times (mostly from the damaged example of the mezzotint in the National Portrait Gallery), original examples of the Sartain mezzotint are genuinely rare.THE CLARKSON, HOPPER, BURLEIGH, PIERPONT, PARRISH and GIDDINGS AUTOGRAPHSThe Thomas Clarkson autograph is also on a small (approximately 4.25" x 2.25") slip of paper, a little soiled else fine, and mounted to a contemporary sheet. It reads in full: "Thomas Clarkson / Playford Hall - Sept. 1, 1846, aged 87 / 'Remember them that are in bonds as bound with them' Hebrews 12.3." On a separate sheet Evans has written out a biography of Clarkson and ends with, "The above Autograph was purchased at the `Liberty Bazaar" held in this city [i.e. Philadelphia] in January 1847 and is known to be original." Clarkson (1760-1846), one of England's most famous abolitionists, first became interested in the subject on purely academic grounds when, as a student at Cambridge, he entered a Latin essay contest on the subject of the morality of slavery. Shortly after winning the contest, for which he undertook considerable research, Clarkson experienced a spiritual epiphany and decided to devote his life to abolition. With Granville Sharp he formed the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, and later persuaded William Wilberforce to join their cause. The group was directly responsible for the abolition of the slave trade in the British Empire in 1807, and the abolition of slavery itself throughout most of the British Empire in 1833. Clarkson's publications include A Summary View of the Slave Trade and of the Probable Consequences of Its Abolition (1787) and History of the Abolition of the African Slave Trade (1808). While Clarkson autographs are not rare, this is certainly one of the last he ever provided, and comes with a quaint provenance.Isaac Tatem Hopper (1771-1852) was a New Jersey-born Quaker bookseller who, with Lydia Maria Child, edited the National Anti-Slavery Standard. More importantly, as a teenager he began to organize the system for aiding fugitive slaves that is now known as the Underground Railroad, and some consider him the founder or father of the Railroad. Hopper remained active in both the Railroad and abolition throughout his life, as well as other causes including prison reform. Hopper's note is on a single quarto leaf, folded from mailing with a few very minor chips and tears along the left side (probably from having been tipped into a larger book) and a moderate dampstain along the right side, very good. It reads: "My dear young friend, In compliance with thy request I cheerfully furnish thee with my autograph accompanied with an `original sentiment. / 'He who conscientiously discharges all his social and relative duties, without regard to circumstances or the opinions of others, may some times incur the displeasure of his friends; yet he will find in the end a comfort and confidence that will very far surpass all the favor and applause that can be awarded by his fellow man - Thy affectionate friend / Isaac T. Hopper / New York 9 mo 13th 1842 / To Elwood Evans."Charles Calistus Burleigh (1810-1878), a noted editor of abolitionist publications and widely considered among the best orators for the anti-slavery cause, sent Evans a short note: "To hold a slave without transgressing the Christian law, `love the Lord they God with all they heart, & love they neighbor as thyself," is just as impossible as to do injustice under the influence of a supreme regard for right, to act selfishly from pure good will to all mankind, & to support the falsehood from an unbounded reverence for truth. Philad. 10/25/42. C.C. Burleigh." On the reverse he has noted, "For Elwood Evans. Care of Edwin Satter." Burleigh's note is also on a single quarto leaf, near fine, folded from mailing and with a little wear along the left side from where it was likely tipped into a larger book.The letter from John Pierpont (1785-1866), dated 30 Nov. 1847, folded from mailing else about fine, notes that Pierpont does not have an extra autograph from Dr. [William E.] Channing to provide to Evans for his collection. However, Pierpont was flattered by the "kind things that you are pleased to say of myself and my past cause[s] and wishing you may succeed in your autographic enterprise..." Pierpont was a Connecticut-born educator, poet, and Congregationalist minister. While pastor at Boston's Hollis Street Church he published two of the better-known early school readers in the United States. His social activism for temperance and abolition angered his parishioners and after more than two decades he left that congregation and became pastor of a Unitarian church in Troy, New York, where this letter was written. Pierpont's Anti-Slavery Poems was published in 1843, and his poems were often recited at public anti-slavery meetings. Curiously, while the aged Pierpont was a Union military chaplain and then worked in the Treasury Department during the Civil War, his songwriting son James Lord Pierpont, most famous for the holiday classic "Jingle Bells," served for the Confederacy. John Pierpont was also the maternal grandfather of financier J. Pierpont Morgan.The letter from Joseph Parrish (1779-1840), addressed to the noted Philadelphia attorney Eli K. Price and dated January 25, 1836, discusses family and business matters. It is one quarto sheet, folded in half and written on two sides, fine. Parrish was a well-known Philadelphia physician and President of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. Parrish attended the eccentric Virginia statesman John Randolph of Roanoke at his death in 1833 and executed the latter's dying wish to have his slaves manumitted. Tipped to the letter is a biographical paragraph by Evans who concludes: "Though quite young at the time [of Parrish's death] I well remember the impression it produced in the community."The short note from Joshua Reed Giddings to Evans is undated, on a single quarto leaf, folded as a self-mailing letter, and torn 3/4 through the primary fold, possibly when initially opened by Evans, not affecting any writing, overall about very good. In it Giddings suggests an address for another person Evans was evidently trying to contact. Giddings (1795-1864) was a long-time Ohio Congressman, one of the most outspoken and radical anti-slavery statesmen of his time. Privately he was active in the Underground Railroad, and in public he endorsed insurrection and violent resistance to slavery. He was censured by Congress for attempting to put on record that the House of Representatives was opposed to federal measures to defend the coastwise slave-trade. Abraham Lincoln was his messmate in Washington in 1847-1848, and a careful student of Gidding's speeches in Congress. Perhaps Gidding's most enduring contribution to history was the notion he developed in the 1850s that, in the event of war, the President could use his war powers to emancipate the slaves of the Southern states (Julian. The Life of Joshua R. Giddings, p. 405). Giddings left Congress after twenty years of continuous service, primarily due to ill health, and in 1861 Lincoln appointed him consul-general to Canada, a post which he held until his death.THE STATE APPOINTMENTSOf the four State appointments of Evans as Commissioner to the Territory of Oregon, the earliest is from Pennsylvania, dated May 6, 1851 and Signed by Governor William F. Johnston (1808-1872). The next is from New Jersey, dated January 28, 1852 and Signed by Governor George F. Fort (1809-1872). The third is from New York, dated February 15, 1854 and Signed by Governor Horatio Seymour (1810-1886). The last is from Massachusetts, dated March 28, 1854 and Signed by Governor Emory Washburn (1800-1877). All four documents are about fine with slight wear.The Elwood Evans Abolitionist Autograph Collection was fortuitously assembled by the young Philadelphian. Although the letters and notes themselves demonstrate that he was actively acquiring autographs related to abolition, it was mostly luck that he was in the right place at the right time to obtain the collection's most scarce and most important autograph, that of Cinque, and that the autograph was valued and preserved by him throughout his life. Because of the small window of time during which Cinque could have written his autograph, and because there would have been little reason for him to sign any documents at all, few signatures of important figures in African-American history, or American history in general, could be more elusive. A letter written by Phillis Wheatley, one of about two dozen known, recently sold for over $200,000, and relatively common signed copies of her volume of poems usually sell in the mid five figures. By comparison, there are close to thirty known surviving autographs of Button Gwinnett, the signer of the Declaration of Independence whose signature is usually considered the scarcest of all American autographs, and there are six surviving signatures of William Shakespeare.A rare, museum quality signature with extensive documentation, and an important survival of African-American and indeed all of American history. Fermer
Prix: 275000.00 USD
A Map of the British Empire in...
POPPLE, Henry (d.1743)
Libraire: Donald Heald Rare Books
London: "Engrav'd by Willm. Henry Toms", "1733" [but circa 1735]. Folio. (20 1/2 x 15 3/8 inches). Engraved map by William Henry Toms, with very... Ouvrir
London: "Engrav'd by Willm. Henry Toms", "1733" [but circa 1735]. Folio. (20 1/2 x 15 3/8 inches). Engraved map by William Henry Toms, with very fine full contemporary hand-colouring (with twenty-two integral inset views and plans) on 15 double-page and 5 single-page sheets, with full contemporary hand-colouring, mounted on guards throughout. (Without the table of contents leaf as usual, and without the double-page key map by Toms). Expertly bound to style in half 18th-century russia over original 18th-century marbled paper-covered boards, spine gilt with red morocco spine label, modern blue morocco-backed cloth box, titled in gilt. A monument to 18th-century American cartography: a highly attractive fully- coloured copy of the first large-scale map of North America, and the first printed map to show the thirteen colonies. Popple maps with full contemporary colour are exceedingly rare. Popple produced this map under the auspices of the Lord Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to help settle disputes arising from the rival expansion of English, Spanish and French colonies. "France claimed not only Canada, but also territories drained by the Mississippi and it's tributaries - in practical terms, an area of half a continent" (Goss The Mapping Of North America p.122.) The present copy of Popple's map, with its full contemporary hand-colouring, would have been particularly useful in these disputes. Mark Babinski in his masterly monograph on this map notes that 'The typical coloring of fully colored copies ... is described best by a contemporary manuscript legend on the end-paper affixing the Key map to the binding in the King George III copy at the British Library: "Green - Indian Countrys. Red - English. Yellow - Spanish. Blue - French. Purple - Dutch." The careful demarcation of the disputed areas by colour would have made the identification of whether a particular location was in one or another 'zone' a great deal easier. Thus the colouring adds a whole new dimension to a map that is usually only seen in its uncoloured state, and perhaps suggests that the copies with full hand-colouring were originally produced for some as-yet-unrediscovered official use to do with the international land disputes of the time. Benjamin Franklin, on May 22, 1746, ordered two copies of this map, "one bound the other in sheets," for the Pennsylvania Assembly. It was the only map of sufficient size and grandeur available - and the map is on a grand scale: if actually assembled it would result in a rectangle over eight feet square. Its coverage extends from the Grand Banks off Newfoundland to about ten degrees west of Lake Superior, and from the Great Lakes to the north coast of South America. Several of the sections are illustrated with handsome pictorial insets, including views of New York City, Niagara Falls, Mexico City, and Quebec, and inset maps of Boston, Charles-Town, Providence, Bermuda, and a number of others. "Little is known of Henry Popple except that he came from a family whose members had served the Board of Trade and Plantations for three generations, a connection that must have been a factor in his undertaking the map, his only known cartographic work" (McCorkle America Emergent 21.) Babinski has made a detailed study of the issues and states of the Popple map. This copy is in Babinski's state 6: the imprint on sheet 20 reads "London Engrav'd by Willm. Henry Toms 1733" (i.e. without R. W. Searle's name), sheet one includes the engraved figure "l" in the upper left corner just above the intersection of the two neat lines and engraved sheet numbers have been added to the upper right corners of each sheet. Mark Babinski Henry Popple's 1733 map (New Jersey, 1998) (ref); Brown Early Maps of the Ohio Valley 14; cf. Cumming The Southeast in Early Maps 216, 217; Degrees of Latitude 24, state 4 (but with engraved number to sheet 1); E. McSherry Fowble Two Centuries of Prints in America 1680-1880 (1987), 6, 7; cf. John Goss The Mapping of North America (1990) 55 (key map only); Graff 3322; Howes P481, "b"; Lowery 337 & 338; McCorkle America Emergent 21; Phillips Maps p.569; Sabin 64140; Schwartz & Ehrenberg p.151; Streeter Sale 676; Stephenson & McKee Virginia in Maps, map II-18A-B. Fermer
Prix: 160000.00 USD
TO THE HONOURABLE THOMAS PENN AND...
Libraire: William Reese Company - Americana
Philadelphia. 1759.. Engraved map on six sheets, joined as three. Sheet size: 3 sheets, each approximately 31 x 21 1/2 inches. Excellent condition,... Ouvrir
Philadelphia. 1759.. Engraved map on six sheets, joined as three. Sheet size: 3 sheets, each approximately 31 x 21 1/2 inches. Excellent condition, with three short repaired tears, very minor age toning at the sheet edges, overall in remarkable unsophisticated condition. Provenance: Laird U. Park (Sotheby's New York, Nov. 29, 2000, lot 322). The first map of Pennsylvania to be published in America. Scull (1687-1761) was born in Philadelphia and is thought to have been apprenticed at a young age to William Penn's surveyor, Thomas Holme. In 1719 he became deputy surveyor of Philadelphia County, eventually ascending to the surveyor generalship of Pennsylvania in 1748. An original member of Benjamin Franklins Junto, Scull was intimately involved with Indian relations of the period, having travelled amongst the tribes surveying the western counties. Siding with the Proprietors in his recollection of the Walking Purchase, at which he was present, no doubt held him in good standing with the Penn family. It is thought that this, in part, led to the publication of this impressive map. Dedicated to the Proprietors, it is among the largest and finest maps produced in America to that date. The map depicts Philadelphia, Bucks, Northampton, Berks, Chester, Lancaster, Cumberland, and York Counties, and is based on Sculls own surveys as well as the reports of Major Joseph Shippen, Colonel John Armstrong, John Watson, Benjamin Lightfoot, and others. In addition, some information was gleaned from printed sources, including Fry-Jefferson's important map, evidenced by a printed footnote on the map concerning the location of Fort Cumberland and the Maryland- Pennsylvania border. Elevation is accurately depicted, much in the style of Fry-Jefferson, by neat hachure marks. The eastern counties include a wealth of detail, such as churches, meeting houses, inns, iron forges, mills, and the manors of significant residents; roads, Indian paths, Indian towns, and forts are clearly shown throughout. Although generally quite accurate, it is curious that Scull included Fort Granville on his map, which had been destroyed by the French and Delaware Indians in 1756. Nevertheless, the importance and accuracy of this large-scale map is underscored by the fact that a copy of it was among the maps hung by the Board of War at Philadelphia in August 1776, twenty years after the map's publication (as listed by John Adams in his letter to his wife dated Aug. 13, 1776). The map was engraved by James Turner (d. 1759), a Philadelphia silversmith and prot? of Benjamin Franklin. Turner had previously worked on map engraving during the production of James Parker's 1747 maps of New Jersey, a project for which he had been recommended by Franklin. Little is known about the printer, John Davis. Although he had no shop, he appears to have specialized in large copperplate engravings of maps, as he is the printer identified in the imprint of the 1756 Philadelphia first edition of Joshua Fisher's important chart of Delaware Bay. That map and the present one are his only known works. Scull's 1759 map of Pennsylvania is very rare, with less than a dozen known institutional copies. Only a few have appeared at auction in the last half century, most notably in the sales of the collections of Thomas W. Streeter, Howard E. Welsh, and Laird U. Park (this copy). EBERSTADT 167:430 (quoting Wroth). EVANS 8489. Garrison, "Cartography of Pennsylvania before 1800" in PMHB, Vol. 59, no. 3. PHILLIPS, p.673. RISTOW, pp.52-53. STREETER SALE 965. WHEAT & BRUN 422. Fermer
Prix: 185000.00 USD