How to Describe Rare Books, Manuscripts, Autographs, Maps, Prints, Atlases, First Editions, Illustrated Books - Glossary in English

Ideal copy

When a number of copies of an edition of a book are compared to each other, a bibliographer may set out what he or she considers to be the description of the standard copy of that edition, to which...

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Illuminated

A manuscript or book embellished with decorative elements that are typically hand-painted in rich colors and are sometimes gilded. The elements may include initial letters, designs, and/or...

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Illustrated edition

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Illustration

Pictures in the text, on the pages, as opposed to plates that are not paginated.

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Illustration Processes

John Carter explains the illustration processes: "These are of two kinds; (1) the more or less direct product of an artist’s tool (which may be a camera) and (2) photo-reprographic. The...

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Impression

All the copies of a book printed during one press run. During the handpress period, when type was reset each time a press was used, this term was synonymous with edition.

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Imprimatur

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Imprint

When used as a noun refers to the publication data located at the base of a title page, usually includes the city of publication, name of the publisher (sometimes the printer), and the year of...

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Incomplete

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Incunable

Anything printed during the 15th century, the first century of printing with "moveable type"; from the Latin, meaning "from the cradle"; can also be used in a relative sense to refer to other early...

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Initial

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Ink corrosion

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Inside or inner margin

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Interleaf

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Interleaved

When blank leaves alternate with the printed leaves of a book.

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Issue

Something that (along with "states") will give you a headache. Technically a change in the first edition that has been determined to have occurred after the date of publication. Thus a "first...

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Italic type

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Italics

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