Definition of term:: Advance Review Copy
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A pre-publication state of the finished book, usually with supplemental material such as a review slip, a letter from the publisher, or a photograph of the author laid-in. Advance Review Copies, sometimes just called Review Copies, are usually taken from the first printing of the book. But whereas other copies are boxed by the publisher and distributed to go on sale at a specific later date, Review Copies are sent out in advance of this so that newspaper and magazine staff have an opportunity to review the book before it is offered for sale.
Source: What bookdealers really mean. A dictionary by Tom Congalton and Dan Gregory (Between the Covers), with additions from other sources