Rare Book Gallery
Original signed photographic...
Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated... More
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated between 1918 and 1921, verso with 22 photographic prints, a collage of Godfrey Meynell childhood and family photographs. Paper mount a little creased and frayed, two closed tears to right edge, one or two photos trimmed effecting the signatures (not the Orwell). Excellent. An exceptionally rare signed photograph of George Orwell (signed "Eric A. Blair, '21"), presented as one of 12 signed photographs of his Eton College friends, collectively making up one side of a two-sided photo-collage assembled by (?the family of) Godfrey Maynall MC VC (1904-35), one of the twelve. The boys are: James Arthur Walker Gibson (later Lincoln's Inn barrister), Denis Sigmund Dannreuther (Captain of School, later Baliol Scholar, Fellow of All Souls, and barrister engaged in drafting Parliamentary legislation), Ralph Mirrielees Cazalet (later Kings College, then to Egypt for Shell Oil), Robert Paton Longden (later Oxford classicist and Master of Wellington), Roger Aubrey Baskerville Mynors (later Oxford Professor of Latin), Godfrey Meynell (more of him below), Maurice Gordon Whittome (later Corpus Cambridge, barrister, and Sir), Hugh St. Denys King-Farlowe (editor of The Chronicle, the wit of the year, and the prettiest of the bunch), Cyril Connolly himself (author of Enemies of Promise, 1938, the canonical chronicle of the post-War generation at Eton), Eric Arthur Blair (a.k.a. "George Orwell"), and an unidentified "Ronnie" and "Peter". All these (with the exception of Connolly, Meynell and the unidentified two) are Eton scholars from the "Election" of 1916. Connolly and Meynell were scholars from the 1917 Election, the year below, though evidently friends with their seniors. The signatures are dated between 1918 and 1921 (which was the final year of the 1916 Election). Gibson, Dannreuther, Cazalet, Longden, and Mynors are remembered by Cyril Connoly as "the Caucus", the "moral leaders" of the year, "scholar-athletes" with grand reputations who were notable for attempting to renovate the illiberal mores of Eton College in the wake of World War I. The existence of this collection of more-or-less uniform signed photographic portraits of these Eton contemporaries is explained by knowledge of an Eton tradition: boys would have their portrait taken (there was a local portrait photographer advertised in the Eton magazine), sign them, and gift them to their close friends. The tradition may seem somewhat perculiar now, even a little amorous (as sometimes of course it was), but it was at the time so common as to have been called a "fashion" by Connolly, who makes amusing mention of the practice in Enemies of Promise: "It was the fashion to have photographs of friends signed and put on the mantelpiece. I had sent Nigel mine. He refused to give me his. I took one, and he said I had stolen it. I collected photos after that like an old hostess collecting celebrities. I cultivated anyone who was a rarity, or who had not been taken, persuading them to get done for me, and rushing off with the scalp." This photo-collage derives from the family of Godfrey Meynell, and as such Meynell can be understood to have been friendly with (or at least admired, and at most loved) each of the boys here presented, Orwell included. Eric Blair (who adopted the pen-name George Orwell in the early 1930s), though certainly far from working-class and not even really milddle-class, was not ostensibly "one of" the usual Eton sort. His parents had little money, and he had to win scholaships to get himself through public school. His own pronounced sense of isolation and difference (and the potent observational perspective thus afforded) typifies a significant portion of Orwell's character as a writer. He notably had a horrible time at his prep-school St Cyprians (as related in his sardonically-titled "Such, Such Were the Joys", though he did first meet Cyril Conn Less
Price: 25000.00 GBP
Renati Des Cartes Principiorum...
Bookseller: Athena Rare Books ABAA
Johannem Riewerts, Amstelodami [Amsterdam] 1663 - TP + [i]-[vii] = Præfatio + [viii] = Ad Librum + [ix]-[xiv] = Index + 1-90 +  = half-title _... More
Johannem Riewerts, Amstelodami [Amsterdam] 1663 - TP + [i]-[vii] = Præfatio + [viii] = Ad Librum + [ix]-[xiv] = Index + 1-90 +  = half-title _ 93-140; Small Quarto. First Edition. (Kingma-Offenberg 1)First Edition of Spinoza's First Book - Explicating Descartes.Spinoza's first work is the only one published during his lifetime that identified him as the author and had the correct information on the printer-publisher. Spinoza's two later works (Tractatus & Opera) were very much his own radical thought (rather than a reworking of Descartes ideas as here) and so were necessarily published anonymously and listing false information about the printer-publisher on the title page. He radical nature of Spinoza's thought and the dangers of publishing such materials in this time and place are brilliantly explained in Jonathan Israel's Radical Enlightenment (Oxford, 2001). Here Spinoza presents an exposition of Cartesian philosophy but he has recast it using his own geometrical method of reasoning and presentation. The origins of this work are interesting and clearly explained by the author himself in a letter to his friend, Oldenburg, that was written shortly after publication: "Some of my friends asked me to make them a copy of a treatise containing a precise account of the Second Part of Descartes' Principia Philosophiæ , demonstrated in the geometric style, and of the main points treated in metaphysics. Previously, I had dictated this to a certain young man to whom I did not want to teach my own opinions openly. They asked me to prepare the First Part also by the same method, as soon as I could. Not to disappoint my friends, I immediately undertook to do this and finished it in two weeks. I delivered it to my friends, who in the end asked me to let them publish the whole work. They easily won my agreement, on the condition that one of them [Lodewijk Meyer], in my presence, would provide it with a more elegant style and add a short preface warning readers that I did not acknowledge all the opinions contained in this treatise as my own, since I had written many things in it which were the opposite of what I held, and illustrating this by one or two examples. One of my friends, to whose care the publishing of this little book has been entrusted, has promised to do all this and that is why I stayed for a while in Amsterdam." (Nadler, Spinoza, A Life, p. 205)This rather straightforward - though completely reformatted - exposition of Descartes is followed by the Cogita Metaphysica (Metaphysical Thoughts- pp. 91-140 - with its own title page) which is written from the Cartesian perspective (defending, for instance, the freedom of the will) but with some serious foreshadowing of Spinoza's later doctrines. Contemporary vellum boards professionallhy rebacked with a nicely matching vellum spine. With two small contemporary annotations fading ink on pages 122 & 124 (4 lines & 6 lines respectively). Overall, a lovley copy of this first and rather rare work by Spinoza. PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. Less
Price: 12500.00 USD
Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und...
SCHEELE, Carl Wilhelm
Bookseller: Martayan Lan
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding... More
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding engraved plate, both depicting chemical apparatus. Bound with:BERGMANN, Torbern. Anleitung zu Vorlesungen über die Beschaffenheit und den Nutzen der Chemie, und die allgemeinsten Verschiedenheiten natürlicher Körper. Aus d. Schwedischen übersetzt. Stockholm and Leipzig, Swederus. 1779. 8vo, 95, (3 blank) pp. Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek and Berlin records call for xxxi preliminary pages as well as 95 numbered pages. Utrecht, Union Catalog Hesse, Bayrische Staatsbibliothek Munich records match our collation. First edition of this extremely scarce and important book which contains the announcement of Scheele’s discovery of oxygen, made independently of, and two years prior to, Priestley. Scheele’s monumental discovery was made by 1773; he had begun his experiments on oxygen in 1770. The publication of this book was delayed due to the fact that Tobern Bergman was two years late in delivering his promised preface. The work is fittingly bound with Bergman’s own lectures on the nature and application of chemistry, a rare work that is not included in his collected works Opuscula Physica et Chemica."The independent discovery of oxygen is here described and the composition of air by two gases is illustrated. One of these is necessary for combustion and respiration and it is absorbed by a number of solid substances and can be artificially produced; the second gas (nitrogen) prevents combustion. Scheele’s ‘fire-air’ (oxygen) could be produced from saltpetre, from black oxide of manganese, from oxide of mercury, etc. The photo-sensitive nature of chloride of silver was announced, a discovery that led to photography" (Dibner, Heralds of Science, 41). "Scheele (1742-1786) was an experimental genius; he made more discoveries of first-rate importance with fewer opportunities and scantier appliances than any one else, and his skill, insight and power of illuminating experimental results have never been surpassed, if indeed, they have ever been equaled" (Ferguson II.331).Bergman (1735-1784) was a member of the Swedish Academy and from 1767 professor of chemistry at Uppsala. He had a high regard for the younger Scheele and "did everything in his power to bring him to the notice of the scientific world. Bergman owed to him his transition from obscurity to a leading position in the world of science." (Partington, III, p. 208) His Essay on the General Usefulness of Chemistry and its Application to the Various Occasions of Life (thus the title of the English edition of 1783) gives "a general view [of] medical, oeconomical, and technical chemistry, halurgy, geurgy, theiurgy, salts, earths, inflammable substances, metals, waters and airs." (Partington III, p. 184) Bergman remained a follower of the phlogiston theory all his life.OCLC: Scheele: Burndy, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Cornell, Madison, NLM, Smithsonian, Stanford, UCLA, Yale. Bergmann: Cornell.* Scheele: DSB XII.143-50; Horblit 92; Partington III.205-34; Waller 11225; Gernsheim, Hist. of Photography (1969), pp. 32-33; not in Duveen, Ferguson, Young, or E.F. Smith collections.*Bergmann: Partington III, p. 184, F. Less
Price: 48000.00 USD