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Zur Theorie des Gesetzes der...
Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS
Johann Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig 1900 - Rare first printing, and a very fine copy, of the founding document of quantum theory, "marking the dividing... More
Johann Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig 1900 - Rare first printing, and a very fine copy, of the founding document of quantum theory, "marking the dividing line between classical and modern physics" (Norman). In this celebrated first announcement of quantum theory, Planck derived his radiation law based upon the assumption that energy is emitted and absorbed in discrete quanta. Dibner 166; PMM 391; Horblit/Grolier 26a; Evans 47; Sparrow 162. "In this important paper he stated that energy flowed not in continuous, indefinitely divisible currents, but in pulses or bursts of action [or quanta]" (Dibner). Planck determined a unit of energy in a system showing a natural frequency in definite quanta and proposed a constant of angular momentum, the value of which is known as ‘Planck's constant.’ This unit of energy enabled the explanation of wave-length, specific heat of solids, photo-chemical effects of light, the orbits of electrons in the atom, the wave lengths of the lines of the spectrum, or Röntgen rays, the velocity of rotating gas molecules, and the distances between the particles of a crystal. "It contradicted the mechanics of Newton and the electromagnetics of Faraday and Maxwell. Moreover it challenged the notion of the continuity of nature" (PMM). "Planck made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame rests primarily on his role as originator of the quantum theory. This theory revolutionized our understanding of atomic and subatomic processes, just as Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionized our understanding of space and time. Together they constitute the fundamental theories of 20th-century physics. Both have forced man to revise some of his most cherished philosophical beliefs, and both have led to industrial and military applications that affect every aspect of modern life" (Roger H. Stuewer, Britannica). Published by the Berlin Physics Society, the first appearance of Planck’s revolutionary work is very rare. (It was later published, in 1901, in the more widely distributed Annalen der Physik). In: Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesselschaft im Jahre 1900, Zeiter Jahrgang, pp. 237-245. The entire volume offered here in a fine contemporary half cloth binding over marbled with gilt spine lettering, rubberstamp from the 'Physikalisches Institut, Universität Jena' to front free end-paper and title. 4to (217 x 148 mm), pp vi 260. A very fine copy. Less
Price: 16500.00 USD
The Descent of Man and Selection in...
Bookseller: Athena Rare Books ABAA
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi =... More
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi = Contents + 1-688 + - = Publisher's ads + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. Second Edition, Early American Issue.A Rare Inscribed Copy of "Descent of Man" - in Darwin's HandThe First Use of the Word "Evolution" in Any of His WritingsInscribed by Darwin to "Mrs(?) Clarks(?) / with the author's / affectionate regards. / Ch. Darwin"Almost all presentation copies of Darwin's books are signed by the publisher's secretary. This copy presents an extremely rare example of Darwin signing a book himself. After "On the Origin of Species" (1859), this is Darwin's most important work. Having very carefully sidestepped the issue of human evolution in "Origin," Darwin waited twelve years before tackling the issue in this book which was first published in England in 1871. Having made the commitment of presenting his ideas on the subject, Darwin applied evolutionary theory to human evolution while providing further details on his theory of sexual selection. In addition, the book addresses many related issues, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics, the differences between the human races, the differences between the sexes, the superiority of men to women, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society as a whole. The word "evolution" appears for the first time in any of Darwin's writings on page 2 of this book. Descent went through a large number of revised editions, many of which Darwin edited himself. Some edits were minor, and some extensive. In late 11873, Darwin tackled a new edition of the Descent of Man. Initially, he offered the self-employed Wallace the work of assisting him, for which Wallace quoted a rate of seven shillings an hour. But, when Emma found out, she had the task given to their son George, so Darwin had to write apologetically to Wallace. Huxley assisted with an update on ape-brain inheritance, which Huxley thought "pounds the enemy into a jelly. though none but anatomists" would know it. The manuscript was completed in April 1874. Murray planned a 12-shilling half-price edition to replicate the success of the cheap revision of the Origin. The second edition was published on 13 November 1874 with the price cut to the bone at 9 shillings. It was generally the edition most commonly reprinted after Darwin's death and to the present. Publisher's original terracotta cloth with gilt lettering on the spine and decorated with black designs on the covers. Lightly used but a beautifully preserved copy nonetheless. Comes a custom clamshell box. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AND MORE INFORMATION ON THIS BOOK IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. SECOND EDITION, Early American Issue - INSCRIBED by Darwin Less
Price: 38000.00 USD
Original signed photographic...
Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated... More
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated between 1918 and 1921, verso with 22 photographic prints, a collage of Godfrey Meynell childhood and family photographs. Paper mount a little creased and frayed, two closed tears to right edge, one or two photos trimmed effecting the signatures (not the Orwell). Excellent. An exceptionally rare signed photograph of George Orwell (signed "Eric A. Blair, '21"), presented as one of 12 signed photographs of his Eton College friends, collectively making up one side of a two-sided photo-collage assembled by (?the family of) Godfrey Maynall MC VC (1904-35), one of the twelve. The boys are: James Arthur Walker Gibson (later Lincoln's Inn barrister), Denis Sigmund Dannreuther (Captain of School, later Baliol Scholar, Fellow of All Souls, and barrister engaged in drafting Parliamentary legislation), Ralph Mirrielees Cazalet (later Kings College, then to Egypt for Shell Oil), Robert Paton Longden (later Oxford classicist and Master of Wellington), Roger Aubrey Baskerville Mynors (later Oxford Professor of Latin), Godfrey Meynell (more of him below), Maurice Gordon Whittome (later Corpus Cambridge, barrister, and Sir), Hugh St. Denys King-Farlowe (editor of The Chronicle, the wit of the year, and the prettiest of the bunch), Cyril Connolly himself (author of Enemies of Promise, 1938, the canonical chronicle of the post-War generation at Eton), Eric Arthur Blair (a.k.a. "George Orwell"), and an unidentified "Ronnie" and "Peter". All these (with the exception of Connolly, Meynell and the unidentified two) are Eton scholars from the "Election" of 1916. Connolly and Meynell were scholars from the 1917 Election, the year below, though evidently friends with their seniors. The signatures are dated between 1918 and 1921 (which was the final year of the 1916 Election). Gibson, Dannreuther, Cazalet, Longden, and Mynors are remembered by Cyril Connoly as "the Caucus", the "moral leaders" of the year, "scholar-athletes" with grand reputations who were notable for attempting to renovate the illiberal mores of Eton College in the wake of World War I. The existence of this collection of more-or-less uniform signed photographic portraits of these Eton contemporaries is explained by knowledge of an Eton tradition: boys would have their portrait taken (there was a local portrait photographer advertised in the Eton magazine), sign them, and gift them to their close friends. The tradition may seem somewhat perculiar now, even a little amorous (as sometimes of course it was), but it was at the time so common as to have been called a "fashion" by Connolly, who makes amusing mention of the practice in Enemies of Promise: "It was the fashion to have photographs of friends signed and put on the mantelpiece. I had sent Nigel mine. He refused to give me his. I took one, and he said I had stolen it. I collected photos after that like an old hostess collecting celebrities. I cultivated anyone who was a rarity, or who had not been taken, persuading them to get done for me, and rushing off with the scalp." This photo-collage derives from the family of Godfrey Meynell, and as such Meynell can be understood to have been friendly with (or at least admired, and at most loved) each of the boys here presented, Orwell included. Eric Blair (who adopted the pen-name George Orwell in the early 1930s), though certainly far from working-class and not even really milddle-class, was not ostensibly "one of" the usual Eton sort. His parents had little money, and he had to win scholaships to get himself through public school. His own pronounced sense of isolation and difference (and the potent observational perspective thus afforded) typifies a significant portion of Orwell's character as a writer. He notably had a horrible time at his prep-school St Cyprians (as related in his sardonically-titled "Such, Such Were the Joys", though he did first meet Cyril Conn Less
Price: 25000.00 GBP