Galerie de livres rares
Photography from the V-2 rocket at...
Bergstralh, T. A.
Libraire: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 1947 - The First Published Photographs of the Earth Taken from Space Bergstralh, T. A. Photography from... Ouvrir
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 1947 - The First Published Photographs of the Earth Taken from Space Bergstralh, T. A. Photography from the V-2 rocket at altitudes ranging up to 160 kilometers. N. R. L. report no. R-3083. [ii]-vi, 25pp., 12 original photographic prints included in pagination. 1 sheet of printed Library of Congress catalogue cards laid in. Washington, DC: Naval Research Laboratory, April 1947. 265 x 204 mm. Original printed wrappers, cloth backstrip, small marginal tear in front cover; boxed. Fine copy, one of only 47 produced. First Edition of the first published photographs of the Earth from space—the first photographs to show the earth’s curvature Extremely rare—the distribution list on p. iii of Bergstralh’s report indicates that only 47 copies were prepared for various military, academic and private research institutions. The photographs, which show a large portion of the American southwest, were taken from cameras mounted on a V-2 rocket launched from the proving ground at White Sands, New Mexico. The rocket, which bore the number 21 but was the 20th V-2 launched at White Sands after number 1 misfired, was one of over 60 V-2 rockets captured from the Germans at the end of World War II in 1945. At that time the German rocketry program was at least 20 years ahead of any other such program in the developed world. As part of Project Paperclip, the United States government brought both the captured V-2s and over 100 German rocketry experts (headed by Wernher von Braun) to America, where they began what is now the U. S. space program. In 1946 the Upper Atmosphere Research Panel (also known as the V-2 panel) was formed to oversee a program of high-altitude experiments conducted using the V-2 rockets. On October 24, 1946 the research team was able to obtain photographs of the Earth taken from 65 miles above the surface; however, these photographs were not published until 1950 (see Newell, High Altitude Rocket Research p. 288). The present report announces that photographs were taken from more than 100 miles above the earth. "On 7 March 1947 the twentieth V-2 to be launched in America took to the air from the Army Ordnance Proving Ground at White Sands, New Mexico. As on several of the previous flights, an attempt was made to obtain photographs of the features of interest on the rocket and, of course, of the earth. In this attempt the effort met with considerable success. Included among the group of pictures obtained are the first ever to be taken from altitudes greater than 160 kilometers (100 miles). The quality of the photographs is fairly good. For the first time, in pictures taken at such high altitudes, it is possible to recognize clearly many geographical features. In addition a large number and variety of cloud formations were recorded by the cameras and other information of meteorological value" (p. 1). Photographs 11 and 12 are especially notable. Number 11 includes an overlay showing landmarks in New Mexico, Arizona and the Gulf of California. The caption to number 12 states that "this picture covers approximately 500,000 square miles of southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The photographs [making up the composite] do not match exactly due to the varying camera angles." Newell, High Altitude Rocket Research (1953), pp. 284-288. Krause, "High altitude research with V-2 rockets," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 91 (1947): 430-446. Reichhart, "The first photo from space," Air & Space Magazine, Smithsonian Institution, 1 Nov. 2006 (web). Fermer
Prix: 30000.00 USD
Livre-tableau contenant des exercices...
Libraire: Hugues de Latude
Procure générale des Frères, Paris 1878 - In-plano. [530 x 390 mm] Collation : (40) pp. Cartonnage imprimé bleu de l'éditeur.... Ouvrir
Procure générale des Frères, Paris 1878 - In-plano. [530 x 390 mm] Collation : (40) pp. Cartonnage imprimé bleu de l'éditeur. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Illustrated by 26 original photos, showing a child articulating a letter or a syllable. This teach-book was used to teach the articulation and the reading on the lips of the deaf-mutes. The only one copy in OCLC is in Paris. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Monumental livre utilisé pour enseigner l'articulation et la lecture sur les lèvres des sourds-muets. Il est illustré par 26 photographies originales collées d'un enfant articulant une lettre ou une syllabe (de format 9 x 6,5 cm environ) et de nombreuses gravures lithographiées. Le volume est monté sur une tige en bois qui permettait de le suspendre verticalement dans une salle de classe. Très rare. Le seul exemplaire dans OCLC est à la Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé de Paris. Tout l'ouvrage a été imprimé à Tours par Juliot sur des pages cartonnées. Ce livre est "un ensemble d'exercices préparés pour les leçons d'articulation et de lecture sur les lèvres. Il a pour but de faciliter au maître l'emploi simultané dans l'enseignement de la parole aux sourds-muets. Chaque page porte en tête quelques photographies donnant l'aspect du visage au moment de l'articulation des lettres étudiées dans la leçon; ces lettres sont tracées en doubles caractères imprimés et manuscrits. De cette manière le sourd-muet a sous les yeux les deux principaux signes de la parole : le visage pour la parole articulée et l'écriture pour la parole représentée. Ces deux signes s'identifient en quelque sorte pour le sourd-muet : l'un quelconque lui rappelle l'autre. La vue fréquente des photographies lui rend l'acte de la parole comme permanent; cet aspect frappe ses yeux comme le son frappe nos oreilles; et c'est le point de départ de la lecture sur les lèvres. La page est terminée par une collection de gravures représentant les principaux objets nommés, et formant ainsi une leçon de chose." Il est mentionné sur la couverture que l'auteur est un "Frère des Ecoles chrétiennes" sans autre précision. Manque au coin inférieur de premiers tableaux, pages salies, le livre a servi. Fermer
Prix: 15010.00 EUR
Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und...
SCHEELE, Carl Wilhelm
Libraire: Martayan Lan
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding... Ouvrir
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding engraved plate, both depicting chemical apparatus. Bound with:BERGMANN, Torbern. Anleitung zu Vorlesungen über die Beschaffenheit und den Nutzen der Chemie, und die allgemeinsten Verschiedenheiten natürlicher Körper. Aus d. Schwedischen übersetzt. Stockholm and Leipzig, Swederus. 1779. 8vo, 95, (3 blank) pp. Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek and Berlin records call for xxxi preliminary pages as well as 95 numbered pages. Utrecht, Union Catalog Hesse, Bayrische Staatsbibliothek Munich records match our collation. First edition of this extremely scarce and important book which contains the announcement of Scheele’s discovery of oxygen, made independently of, and two years prior to, Priestley. Scheele’s monumental discovery was made by 1773; he had begun his experiments on oxygen in 1770. The publication of this book was delayed due to the fact that Tobern Bergman was two years late in delivering his promised preface. The work is fittingly bound with Bergman’s own lectures on the nature and application of chemistry, a rare work that is not included in his collected works Opuscula Physica et Chemica."The independent discovery of oxygen is here described and the composition of air by two gases is illustrated. One of these is necessary for combustion and respiration and it is absorbed by a number of solid substances and can be artificially produced; the second gas (nitrogen) prevents combustion. Scheele’s ‘fire-air’ (oxygen) could be produced from saltpetre, from black oxide of manganese, from oxide of mercury, etc. The photo-sensitive nature of chloride of silver was announced, a discovery that led to photography" (Dibner, Heralds of Science, 41). "Scheele (1742-1786) was an experimental genius; he made more discoveries of first-rate importance with fewer opportunities and scantier appliances than any one else, and his skill, insight and power of illuminating experimental results have never been surpassed, if indeed, they have ever been equaled" (Ferguson II.331).Bergman (1735-1784) was a member of the Swedish Academy and from 1767 professor of chemistry at Uppsala. He had a high regard for the younger Scheele and "did everything in his power to bring him to the notice of the scientific world. Bergman owed to him his transition from obscurity to a leading position in the world of science." (Partington, III, p. 208) His Essay on the General Usefulness of Chemistry and its Application to the Various Occasions of Life (thus the title of the English edition of 1783) gives "a general view [of] medical, oeconomical, and technical chemistry, halurgy, geurgy, theiurgy, salts, earths, inflammable substances, metals, waters and airs." (Partington III, p. 184) Bergman remained a follower of the phlogiston theory all his life.OCLC: Scheele: Burndy, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Cornell, Madison, NLM, Smithsonian, Stanford, UCLA, Yale. Bergmann: Cornell.* Scheele: DSB XII.143-50; Horblit 92; Partington III.205-34; Waller 11225; Gernsheim, Hist. of Photography (1969), pp. 32-33; not in Duveen, Ferguson, Young, or E.F. Smith collections.*Bergmann: Partington III, p. 184, F. Fermer
Prix: 48000.00 USD