Galerie de livres rares
The Descent of Man and Selection in...
Libraire: Athena Rare Books ABAA
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi =... Ouvrir
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi = Contents + 1-688 + - = Publisher's ads + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. Second Edition, Early American Issue.A Rare Inscribed Copy of "Descent of Man" - in Darwin's HandThe First Use of the Word "Evolution" in Any of His WritingsInscribed by Darwin to "Mrs(?) Clarks(?) / with the author's / affectionate regards. / Ch. Darwin"Almost all presentation copies of Darwin's books are signed by the publisher's secretary. This copy presents an extremely rare example of Darwin signing a book himself. After "On the Origin of Species" (1859), this is Darwin's most important work. Having very carefully sidestepped the issue of human evolution in "Origin," Darwin waited twelve years before tackling the issue in this book which was first published in England in 1871. Having made the commitment of presenting his ideas on the subject, Darwin applied evolutionary theory to human evolution while providing further details on his theory of sexual selection. In addition, the book addresses many related issues, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics, the differences between the human races, the differences between the sexes, the superiority of men to women, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society as a whole. The word "evolution" appears for the first time in any of Darwin's writings on page 2 of this book. Descent went through a large number of revised editions, many of which Darwin edited himself. Some edits were minor, and some extensive. In late 11873, Darwin tackled a new edition of the Descent of Man. Initially, he offered the self-employed Wallace the work of assisting him, for which Wallace quoted a rate of seven shillings an hour. But, when Emma found out, she had the task given to their son George, so Darwin had to write apologetically to Wallace. Huxley assisted with an update on ape-brain inheritance, which Huxley thought "pounds the enemy into a jelly. though none but anatomists" would know it. The manuscript was completed in April 1874. Murray planned a 12-shilling half-price edition to replicate the success of the cheap revision of the Origin. The second edition was published on 13 November 1874 with the price cut to the bone at 9 shillings. It was generally the edition most commonly reprinted after Darwin's death and to the present. Publisher's original terracotta cloth with gilt lettering on the spine and decorated with black designs on the covers. Lightly used but a beautifully preserved copy nonetheless. Comes a custom clamshell box. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AND MORE INFORMATION ON THIS BOOK IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. SECOND EDITION, Early American Issue - INSCRIBED by Darwin Fermer
Prix: 38000.00 USD
Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und...
SCHEELE, Carl Wilhelm
Libraire: Martayan Lan
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding... Ouvrir
Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding engraved plate, both depicting chemical apparatus. Bound with:BERGMANN, Torbern. Anleitung zu Vorlesungen über die Beschaffenheit und den Nutzen der Chemie, und die allgemeinsten Verschiedenheiten natürlicher Körper. Aus d. Schwedischen übersetzt. Stockholm and Leipzig, Swederus. 1779. 8vo, 95, (3 blank) pp. Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek and Berlin records call for xxxi preliminary pages as well as 95 numbered pages. Utrecht, Union Catalog Hesse, Bayrische Staatsbibliothek Munich records match our collation. First edition of this extremely scarce and important book which contains the announcement of Scheele’s discovery of oxygen, made independently of, and two years prior to, Priestley. Scheele’s monumental discovery was made by 1773; he had begun his experiments on oxygen in 1770. The publication of this book was delayed due to the fact that Tobern Bergman was two years late in delivering his promised preface. The work is fittingly bound with Bergman’s own lectures on the nature and application of chemistry, a rare work that is not included in his collected works Opuscula Physica et Chemica."The independent discovery of oxygen is here described and the composition of air by two gases is illustrated. One of these is necessary for combustion and respiration and it is absorbed by a number of solid substances and can be artificially produced; the second gas (nitrogen) prevents combustion. Scheele’s ‘fire-air’ (oxygen) could be produced from saltpetre, from black oxide of manganese, from oxide of mercury, etc. The photo-sensitive nature of chloride of silver was announced, a discovery that led to photography" (Dibner, Heralds of Science, 41). "Scheele (1742-1786) was an experimental genius; he made more discoveries of first-rate importance with fewer opportunities and scantier appliances than any one else, and his skill, insight and power of illuminating experimental results have never been surpassed, if indeed, they have ever been equaled" (Ferguson II.331).Bergman (1735-1784) was a member of the Swedish Academy and from 1767 professor of chemistry at Uppsala. He had a high regard for the younger Scheele and "did everything in his power to bring him to the notice of the scientific world. Bergman owed to him his transition from obscurity to a leading position in the world of science." (Partington, III, p. 208) His Essay on the General Usefulness of Chemistry and its Application to the Various Occasions of Life (thus the title of the English edition of 1783) gives "a general view [of] medical, oeconomical, and technical chemistry, halurgy, geurgy, theiurgy, salts, earths, inflammable substances, metals, waters and airs." (Partington III, p. 184) Bergman remained a follower of the phlogiston theory all his life.OCLC: Scheele: Burndy, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Cornell, Madison, NLM, Smithsonian, Stanford, UCLA, Yale. Bergmann: Cornell.* Scheele: DSB XII.143-50; Horblit 92; Partington III.205-34; Waller 11225; Gernsheim, Hist. of Photography (1969), pp. 32-33; not in Duveen, Ferguson, Young, or E.F. Smith collections.*Bergmann: Partington III, p. 184, F. Fermer
Prix: 48000.00 USD
Original signed photographic...
Libraire: Peter Harrington. ABA member
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated... Ouvrir
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated between 1918 and 1921, verso with 22 photographic prints, a collage of Godfrey Meynell childhood and family photographs. Paper mount a little creased and frayed, two closed tears to right edge, one or two photos trimmed effecting the signatures (not the Orwell). Excellent. An exceptionally rare signed photograph of George Orwell (signed "Eric A. Blair, '21"), presented as one of 12 signed photographs of his Eton College friends, collectively making up one side of a two-sided photo-collage assembled by (?the family of) Godfrey Maynall MC VC (1904-35), one of the twelve. The boys are: James Arthur Walker Gibson (later Lincoln's Inn barrister), Denis Sigmund Dannreuther (Captain of School, later Baliol Scholar, Fellow of All Souls, and barrister engaged in drafting Parliamentary legislation), Ralph Mirrielees Cazalet (later Kings College, then to Egypt for Shell Oil), Robert Paton Longden (later Oxford classicist and Master of Wellington), Roger Aubrey Baskerville Mynors (later Oxford Professor of Latin), Godfrey Meynell (more of him below), Maurice Gordon Whittome (later Corpus Cambridge, barrister, and Sir), Hugh St. Denys King-Farlowe (editor of The Chronicle, the wit of the year, and the prettiest of the bunch), Cyril Connolly himself (author of Enemies of Promise, 1938, the canonical chronicle of the post-War generation at Eton), Eric Arthur Blair (a.k.a. "George Orwell"), and an unidentified "Ronnie" and "Peter". All these (with the exception of Connolly, Meynell and the unidentified two) are Eton scholars from the "Election" of 1916. Connolly and Meynell were scholars from the 1917 Election, the year below, though evidently friends with their seniors. The signatures are dated between 1918 and 1921 (which was the final year of the 1916 Election). Gibson, Dannreuther, Cazalet, Longden, and Mynors are remembered by Cyril Connoly as "the Caucus", the "moral leaders" of the year, "scholar-athletes" with grand reputations who were notable for attempting to renovate the illiberal mores of Eton College in the wake of World War I. The existence of this collection of more-or-less uniform signed photographic portraits of these Eton contemporaries is explained by knowledge of an Eton tradition: boys would have their portrait taken (there was a local portrait photographer advertised in the Eton magazine), sign them, and gift them to their close friends. The tradition may seem somewhat perculiar now, even a little amorous (as sometimes of course it was), but it was at the time so common as to have been called a "fashion" by Connolly, who makes amusing mention of the practice in Enemies of Promise: "It was the fashion to have photographs of friends signed and put on the mantelpiece. I had sent Nigel mine. He refused to give me his. I took one, and he said I had stolen it. I collected photos after that like an old hostess collecting celebrities. I cultivated anyone who was a rarity, or who had not been taken, persuading them to get done for me, and rushing off with the scalp." This photo-collage derives from the family of Godfrey Meynell, and as such Meynell can be understood to have been friendly with (or at least admired, and at most loved) each of the boys here presented, Orwell included. Eric Blair (who adopted the pen-name George Orwell in the early 1930s), though certainly far from working-class and not even really milddle-class, was not ostensibly "one of" the usual Eton sort. His parents had little money, and he had to win scholaships to get himself through public school. His own pronounced sense of isolation and difference (and the potent observational perspective thus afforded) typifies a significant portion of Orwell's character as a writer. He notably had a horrible time at his prep-school St Cyprians (as related in his sardonically-titled "Such, Such Were the Joys", though he did first meet Cyril Conn Fermer
Prix: 25000.00 GBP