Rare Book Gallery
The Descent of Man and Selection in...
Bookseller: Athena Rare Books ABAA
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi =... More
D. Appleton and Company, New York 1876 - Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi = Contents + 1-688 + - = Publisher's ads + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. Second Edition, Early American Issue.A Rare Inscribed Copy of "Descent of Man" - in Darwin's HandThe First Use of the Word "Evolution" in Any of His WritingsInscribed by Darwin to "Mrs(?) Clarks(?) / with the author's / affectionate regards. / Ch. Darwin"Almost all presentation copies of Darwin's books are signed by the publisher's secretary. This copy presents an extremely rare example of Darwin signing a book himself. After "On the Origin of Species" (1859), this is Darwin's most important work. Having very carefully sidestepped the issue of human evolution in "Origin," Darwin waited twelve years before tackling the issue in this book which was first published in England in 1871. Having made the commitment of presenting his ideas on the subject, Darwin applied evolutionary theory to human evolution while providing further details on his theory of sexual selection. In addition, the book addresses many related issues, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics, the differences between the human races, the differences between the sexes, the superiority of men to women, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society as a whole. The word "evolution" appears for the first time in any of Darwin's writings on page 2 of this book. Descent went through a large number of revised editions, many of which Darwin edited himself. Some edits were minor, and some extensive. In late 11873, Darwin tackled a new edition of the Descent of Man. Initially, he offered the self-employed Wallace the work of assisting him, for which Wallace quoted a rate of seven shillings an hour. But, when Emma found out, she had the task given to their son George, so Darwin had to write apologetically to Wallace. Huxley assisted with an update on ape-brain inheritance, which Huxley thought "pounds the enemy into a jelly. though none but anatomists" would know it. The manuscript was completed in April 1874. Murray planned a 12-shilling half-price edition to replicate the success of the cheap revision of the Origin. The second edition was published on 13 November 1874 with the price cut to the bone at 9 shillings. It was generally the edition most commonly reprinted after Darwin's death and to the present. Publisher's original terracotta cloth with gilt lettering on the spine and decorated with black designs on the covers. Lightly used but a beautifully preserved copy nonetheless. Comes a custom clamshell box. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AND MORE INFORMATION ON THIS BOOK IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. SECOND EDITION, Early American Issue - INSCRIBED by Darwin Less
Price: 38000.00 USD
THOMSON, John; Thomson, John; SMITH, Adolphe
Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books
1881 - THOMSON, John.Street Incidents.London: Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1881.First abridged edition of the "first concerted... More
1881 - THOMSON, John.Street Incidents.London: Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1881.First abridged edition of the "first concerted body of work to deal with life on the streets," with 21 mounted brown-tone Woodburytypes from the original glass plates."Motivated in part by a reforming desire, to alleviate the wretched living conditions of the urban working class, but also by the Victorian urge to typify," John Thomson produced this "pioneering work of social documentation in photographs" (Parr & Badger, 39-40). During 1877-78, he created 36 photographs for the monthly parts of Street Life in London, a ground-breaking social commentary, with text by radical socialist journalist Adolphe Smith. Thomson and Smith approached their subjects like ethnographers and anthropologists, "venturing into London’s poorest areas, interviewing [and photographing] their subjects and writing about them as ‘characters’ or ‘types," in Thomson’s words, "the true types of the London poor" (Parr & Badger). "Few photographs of the London streets had been taken before Thomson’s journey around them, and even fewer were published with the intent of informing public opinion To combine photographs of the London streets, and to place the poor, the working classes, criminals, and the homeless at the center of the images, was a new departure in photographic documentation Perhaps the most striking feature of Street Life is that the images have been reproduced photomechanically by the Woodburytype process from the photographer’s original dry-plate negatives. The resultant prints give a strikingly sharp, almost three-dimensional representation The reason Street Life has ultimately succeeded as the first social documentary photography is that its primary aim was to inform: it was never the intention of Smith or Thomson to claim the literary and artistic high ground Rather, they aimed to transfer the experiences of the poor into the homes of the comfortable middle class, and to make them aware of a different, harsher reality" (Ovenden, 78-88). The 12 monthly parts of Street Life were reissued in book form in 1878, and also in a shorter version under the title, Street Incidents (1881), with 21 of the photographs (this edition). "Structurally, Street Life is a combination of street portraiture and interviews with the subjects. Thus it was the direct predecessor of the journalistic picture stories that would appear in illustrated magazines from that period onward" (Parr & Badger). "It was the first published collection of social documentary photographs anywhere in the world" (Museum of London).See Frizot, 348-50; Parr & Badger, 48; Truthful Lens 169; Open Book, 42-43.Embrowning to title page and last page, an occasional very faint finger mark. Light rubbing to joints and spine ends. Photographs fine. A very desirable copy of this first photo-documentary. Rare. Less
Price: 17500.00 USD
Original signed photographic...
Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated... More
[Eton: 1918-21] - Large sheet of thick sugar paper, recto with 12 mounted monochrome photographic portraits, each signed and (but for one) dated between 1918 and 1921, verso with 22 photographic prints, a collage of Godfrey Meynell childhood and family photographs. Paper mount a little creased and frayed, two closed tears to right edge, one or two photos trimmed effecting the signatures (not the Orwell). Excellent. An exceptionally rare signed photograph of George Orwell (signed "Eric A. Blair, '21"), presented as one of 12 signed photographs of his Eton College friends, collectively making up one side of a two-sided photo-collage assembled by (?the family of) Godfrey Maynall MC VC (1904-35), one of the twelve. The boys are: James Arthur Walker Gibson (later Lincoln's Inn barrister), Denis Sigmund Dannreuther (Captain of School, later Baliol Scholar, Fellow of All Souls, and barrister engaged in drafting Parliamentary legislation), Ralph Mirrielees Cazalet (later Kings College, then to Egypt for Shell Oil), Robert Paton Longden (later Oxford classicist and Master of Wellington), Roger Aubrey Baskerville Mynors (later Oxford Professor of Latin), Godfrey Meynell (more of him below), Maurice Gordon Whittome (later Corpus Cambridge, barrister, and Sir), Hugh St. Denys King-Farlowe (editor of The Chronicle, the wit of the year, and the prettiest of the bunch), Cyril Connolly himself (author of Enemies of Promise, 1938, the canonical chronicle of the post-War generation at Eton), Eric Arthur Blair (a.k.a. "George Orwell"), and an unidentified "Ronnie" and "Peter". All these (with the exception of Connolly, Meynell and the unidentified two) are Eton scholars from the "Election" of 1916. Connolly and Meynell were scholars from the 1917 Election, the year below, though evidently friends with their seniors. The signatures are dated between 1918 and 1921 (which was the final year of the 1916 Election). Gibson, Dannreuther, Cazalet, Longden, and Mynors are remembered by Cyril Connoly as "the Caucus", the "moral leaders" of the year, "scholar-athletes" with grand reputations who were notable for attempting to renovate the illiberal mores of Eton College in the wake of World War I. The existence of this collection of more-or-less uniform signed photographic portraits of these Eton contemporaries is explained by knowledge of an Eton tradition: boys would have their portrait taken (there was a local portrait photographer advertised in the Eton magazine), sign them, and gift them to their close friends. The tradition may seem somewhat perculiar now, even a little amorous (as sometimes of course it was), but it was at the time so common as to have been called a "fashion" by Connolly, who makes amusing mention of the practice in Enemies of Promise: "It was the fashion to have photographs of friends signed and put on the mantelpiece. I had sent Nigel mine. He refused to give me his. I took one, and he said I had stolen it. I collected photos after that like an old hostess collecting celebrities. I cultivated anyone who was a rarity, or who had not been taken, persuading them to get done for me, and rushing off with the scalp." This photo-collage derives from the family of Godfrey Meynell, and as such Meynell can be understood to have been friendly with (or at least admired, and at most loved) each of the boys here presented, Orwell included. Eric Blair (who adopted the pen-name George Orwell in the early 1930s), though certainly far from working-class and not even really milddle-class, was not ostensibly "one of" the usual Eton sort. His parents had little money, and he had to win scholaships to get himself through public school. His own pronounced sense of isolation and difference (and the potent observational perspective thus afforded) typifies a significant portion of Orwell's character as a writer. He notably had a horrible time at his prep-school St Cyprians (as related in his sardonically-titled "Such, Such Were the Joys", though he did first meet Cyril Conn Less
Price: 25000.00 GBP